Deutsche Messe ("German Mass"; full title: Deutsche Messe und Ordnung des Gottesdiensts, "German Mass and Order of Worship") was published by Martin Luther in 1526. It followed his work Formula missae from the year 1523, pertaining to the celebration of a Latin mass. Both of these masses were meant only as suggestions made on request and were not expected to be used exactly as they were, but could be altered. The function of the mass, according to Luther, is to make people hear the word.
The German Mass was completely chanted, except for the sermon.
Order of Luther's Deutsche Messe
- A spiritual song or a psalm in German
- Kyrie eleison (three fold)
- Collect (read facing the altar)
- Epistle (read facing the people)
- A German hymn (by the whole choir)
- Gospel (read facing the people)
- Creed sung in German
- Sermon (on the Gospel)
- Paraphrase of the Lord's Prayer
- Exhortation to those who will commune
- Consecration of the Bread.
- Elevation of the Body of Christ
- Distribution of the Body of Christ
- Sanctus paraphrased in German (or the hymns "Gott sei gelobet und gebenedeiet" or "Jesus Christus, unser Heiland, der von uns den Gotteszorn wandt")
- Consecration of the Wine
- Distribution of the Blood of Christ
- Sanctus or Agnus Dei in German (or the hymns "Gott sei gelobet und gebenedeiet" or "Jesus Christus, unser Heiland, der von uns den Gotteszorn wandt")
- Thanksgiving Collect
- Aaronic Benediction
- Geoffrey Wainwright, Karen B. Westerfield Tucker The Oxford History of Christian Worship 0195138864 2006 p.345 "Luther's preference in the Deutsche Messe is to consecrate the bread and then administer it to the people, then to consecrate the wine and administer the cup to the people."
- Luther, Martin (1483-1546): Deutsche Messe, 1526 as an original German text
- The German Mass and Order of Divine Service (Hanover Historical Texts Project)
- Luther, Liturgies of, article from Christian Cyclopedia
- Luther’s Liturgical Reforms a comparison of Luther's Latin Mass and his German Mass at the WorshipConcord Project.